About Kaohsiung

Located in southern Taiwan, Kaohsiung is the largest city in the south, and the second largest city in Taiwan.


2,946 Square kilometers


2.78 million people

The number of business registrations and Sales:

149,656 companies / $ 137 billion

The number of foreign investment registrations and Capital:

524 companies / $ 800 million

Labor force:

1.35 million people

The average disposable income per household:


Source: Department of Statistics, Ministry of Finance

Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan

Geographical advantages

Kaohsiung, located on the pivot point of one of the major sea-air transportation routes in the Asia Pacific region, is fully developed with an international airport and a world class seaport. The preferred geographical location, plus high performance facilities and personnel, enables worldwide transportation with high efficiency. The Port of Kaohsiung has been servicing the world as a key transshipment hub for inter-continental and regional lines, linking the world's major cities to the global manufacturing centers, including China, Vietnam, and Thailand and the major regional ports, like Tokyo, Shanghai, Manila, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The average sailing time from Kaohsiung to these port cities is 53 hours. For air transport, Kaohsiung International Airport is fast growing. With an average flight time of only 2.9 hours to major Asian cities, Kaohsiung offers the shortest transport time and lower transportation costs in Asia over both air and sea. Kaohsiung’s advantages in both sea and air transportation effectively turns the city into a center of global production resources and a springboard for ventures into the global market.

Cost advantage

Fully developed infrastructure lowers the initial costs for investment in the city.

1. A complete web of transportation network breaks the boundaries of international logistics. Kaohsiung’s international airport and seaport facilitates global logistic services. The integrated network of high-speed rail, Kaohsiung metro system and North-South highways link the major industrial parks in the Nation to the city center. The development of Kaohsiung continues. The Taiwan Railway Underground Project Kaohsiung section and the city's light rail system are set to be completed in 2017. The full network is expected to maximize the efficiency of public transportation in the city.

2. Telecommunication network reaches 98.5% of the population. The availability of network resources determines the development of many emerging industries. Kaohsiung’s network availability has reached 98.5% of the city's population. The metropolitan area has sufficient Wi-Fi coverage, and city administration is fully launched into the digital era. Public networking infrastructure is fully established in the metropolitan area. All related services can be connected from this infrastructure through the fast and easy application procedures. For the demand of the creative digital content industry, high-quality broadband services can be applied on a case-by-case basis.

3. Well-developed water and electricity infrastructure offers stable supply at lower costs. Complete infrastructure in the city area and industrial zones has provided stable water and electricity supply. Tap water service covers 99% of the area, and the costs of water and electricity are relatively low in the world, particularly when compared to South-East Asian countries such as Thailand and Vietnam, where the consumer price index is far lower than the living standards in Taiwan. The low cost makes Taiwan a favorable place for investment. The cost of electricity is less than $0.1 per kW, ranking 33rd among 34 countries for standard rates and 31st for industry rates.

Administrative assistance

The Kaohsiung City Government continuously monitors the city's status on the four key factors that influence investment decisions and set up the Investor Relations Office with a one-stop investor service window.


The Major Investment Taskforce is formed by representatives from the major decision-making authorities. The deputy mayor and the Director of Economic Development convene taskforce and supervision meetings on a regular basis to assess investment proposals and confirm the procedures. Once the procedures are confirmed, cases are delivered into a fast-tracked pipeline all the way through from application to actual project implementation.


The Kaohsiung City Investment Information Database categorizes the various industrial parks based on availability and the nature of the industries for allocation of needed spaces. The city has also been accelerating the development of new industrial parks to accommodate investment in new industries.

Human Resources

Kaohsiung launched a "Migrate to Kaohsiung" incentive program to encourage the migration of skilled workers needed for industrial development in Kaohsiung. The incubation program offers hands-on training to prepare the local workforce for immediate employment. The human resource information platform offers matching services at a greater depth and breadth.


Kaohsiung gives its full support to the development of emerging industries. The incentive programs focuses on subsidies for hiring new workers and corporate development of high competitiveness through R&D. Additional incentives have been added to the R&D programs approved by the central government, and several local programs have been launched to encourage small business innovation research.

Recognition for Taiwan from International Institutes

World Bank: Ease of Doing Business surpass Canada, Germany, Japan and China The Doing Business 2014 Report published by the World Bank, placed Taiwan in 16th place among the 189 countries accessed in its “Ease of Doing Business” ranking. This ranking surpassed not only the neighboring Thailand, but also several of developed countries, like Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Japan. Taiwan has once again exceeded itself.

Appraise through comparison
Country / Region
Hong Kong
投資環境評比(2013- III )
Business Environment Risk Intelligence (BERI)
Investment environment appraisal (2013-III)
Global Ranking
3 12 1 -- 12
Asian ranking
2 3 1 -- 3
World Competitiveness Report (2014)
Global Ranking
13 26 3 4 23
Asian ranking
4 7 1 2 6
The World Bank (WB)
Global Knowledge Economy Index (2012)
Global Ranking
13 29 23 18 84
Asian ranking
1 6 4 2 19
World Economic Forum (WEF)
Global Competitiveness Index (2014-2015)
Global Ranking
14 26 2 7 28
Asian ranking
4 6 1 3 7